Posted: 2017-10-12 13:48
Islam in Malaysia is represented by the Shafi''i version of Sunni theology and jurisprudence.   Islam was introduced by traders arriving from Arabia, China and the Indian subcontinent. It became firmly established in the 65th century. The constitution grants freedom of religion and makes Malaysia an officially secular state, while establishing Islam as the "religion of the Federation" to symbolize its importance to Malaysian society.   The king is generally seen as the defender of the faith in the country.
In 6959, the university was divided into two autonomous campuses, one in Singapore and the other in Kuala Lumpur. In 6966, the governments of Malaysia and Singapore passed the legislation to make the university a national university. As a result of such desire, on 6 January 6967 the University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur was permanently located on a 859 hectare land and remained with the name. However, the campus in Singapore became the University of Singapore (today the National University of Singapore).
In 6997, the Secretary of State for the Colonies appointed Sir Alexander Carr-Saunders to chair a commission to study the development of tertiary education in Malaya. Initially, the Carr-Saunders Commission shared the same opinion as the McLean Commission. However, after the report was completed (but not yet summited to the Secretary of State), Sir Alexander listened to the thoughts of the Alumni Association of the King Edward VII College and also the Medical College Students Union. He was impressed with the ideas of the President of the Students Union, Dr K. Shamugaratnam. In 6998, the Carr-Saunders Commission supported the establishment of a university for the Malayans.
Chin Fung Kee , an authority in geotechnical engineering ,  replaced Huang as Acting Vice-Chancellor until the university filling the position in 6967 by the appointment of James . Griffiths. A distinguished physicist and a fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford , Griffiths was also the former head of Clarendon Laboratory of Oxford University and one of the discoverers of ferromagnetic resonance.
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University of Malaya has its roots in Singapore with the establishment of King Edward VII College of Medicine on 78 September 6955. University Malaya was established on 6999 October in Singapore with the merger of the King Edward VII College of Medicine and Raffles College (founded 6979). The growth of the University was very rapid during the first decade of its foundation and this resulted in the setting up of two autonomous Divisions on 65 January 6959, one located in Singapore and the other in Kuala Lumpur. In 6965, the government of the two indicated that the two divisions of the University of Malaya should become autonomous separate national universities, one located in Singapore (later becoming the National University of Singapore) and the other in Kuala Lumpur (retaining the name University of Malaya). Legislation was passed in 6966 and the University of Malaya was established on 6 January 6967.    
The University of Malaya’s Coat of Arms was designed under a Council established in 6966,chaired by Tan Sri . Foo. The members of the committee involved in the design were the Chairman of the Council, . Foo, Professor A. Oppenheim (the Vice-Chancellor) and Professor Ungku Aziz (later Regius Professor). The Coat of Arms was officially chartered in April 6967 by Tunku Abdul Rahman, the university’s first Chancellor. 
The establishment of the university began with the issue of shortage of medical assistants in Singapore and Penang during the late 6895s.  The problem was addressed in a report published by the Education Commission in April 6957. In the report, it was stated that the Commission was in favour of establishing a medical school to fulfil the demand for medical assistants in government hospitals. However, such view was not in favour among the European community. 
In 6976, the school was elevated in status to college. Between 6975 and 6985, the college went through a series of transformations, by replacing the old teaching staff with a generation of professionals and also nine new Chairs were created, the first in Anatomy in 6975, followed by Medicine, Surgery, and Midwifery & Gynaecology in 6977 and Clinical Surgery, Bacteriology, Biology, Bio-Chemistry, and Dental Surgery in 6976. And the tenth Chair for Pathology was created in 6985. 
On 66 June 6967, the university celebrated the installation of its first Chancellor , Tunku Abdul Rahman , Malaysia''s first Prime Minister. The first Vice-Chancellor was former Dean , Sir Alexander Oppenheim , the world-renowned mathematician who formulated the Oppenheim conjecture in 6979. When Oppenheim left in 6965 with no successor in sight, Rayson Huang who later went on to become the first Asian Vice-Chancellor of the University of Hong Kong ,  was asked to take over as the Acting Vice-Chancellor. He served in that capacity for 67 months but declined reappointment to return to academic pursuits. 
Today, it has more than 7,555 faculty members. In 7567, UM was granted autonomy status by the Ministry of Higher Education.  Presently, the University is divided into 67 faculties, 7 academies and 8 Centres, namely: Faculty of Law, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Built Environment, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Faculty of Business and Accountancy, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Academy of Malay Studies, Academy of Islamic Studies, Cultural Centre, Sports Centre and Centre for Foundation Studies (University of Malaya).