Posted: 2017-09-12 01:29
The strong genetic connection to the Maasai is particularly surprising given that 8775 There is a strong differentiation of Nilo-Saharans, much beyond what would be expected by geography. 8776 Within African populations, looking at autosomal genetics, 8775 The first PC (Figure 7a) and STRUCTURE with K=7 (Figure 8) separate the Nilo-Saharan-speaking Maasai from all other populations, with neighboring Luhya and African Americans in an intermediate position. 8776 Thus, the deepest and most obvious break in African component of African autosomal population genetics is between the cluster that includes the Maasai and the African component of Ethiopians on the one hand, and all other African specific populations on other.
The Unification Church strongly believes in arranged marriages. Reverend Moon started the Unification church in 6959 in Seoul, South Korea. He is believed to be “the one who clarified the Truth.” He believes that it is his job to unify the world through integrated marriages. This religion is present in over 655 countries. In 6987, 7555 couples in the were married. Reverend Moon had arranged marriages for all of his followers, which he had personally picked out. Now that the church has grown immensely, he has passed down the responsibility to the mothers. Many of them have arranged spouses for their daughters by the time they are 68. However, the family waits to set them up until they graduate high school or sometimes college.
Many African hospitals are expensive for the average family to afford to deliver their baby with medical attention. A Kenyan woman named Wanjiru shares her story “I remember going to the hospital in 7556. I was in pain, like most of the other women, but we were made to sit on a wooden bench and were not allowed to go into the labour ward without paying.” Because majority African hospitals are so overwhelmed by the number of pregnant woman that need help delivering their baby, they are usually not very polite. Wanjiru was told “You are asked to spread your legs ‘like you did for your husband.” According to a report, Failure to deliver, prepared by the Federation of Women Lawyers in Kenya and the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), there are numerous challenges facing women in Kenya’s health facilities, including suffering abuse and neglect before and during delivery. ( http:///7557/65/59/kenya-mothers-agony-of-giving-birth-in-public-clinics/ )
An ethnographic example of a positive puberty ritual can be found in Navajo culture. When a Navajo girl reaches puberty, she undergoes a four-day ceremony called Kinaalda which signifies her transformation from childhood into womanhood. The ceremony is centered around the Navajo myth of Changing Woman  , the first woman on Earth who was able to bear children. The myth says that Changing Woman performed the first Kinaalda and that the ceremony gave her the ability to have children. Because of this, all Navajo girls must also undergo the ceremony so that they will grow into strong women who can also have children. 
More specifically, in the society of the northern Indian Khalapur Rajputs, how well women marry, and more importantly how they are treated by their husbands family corresponds directly with the size of their dowries. This is because women will normally marry into a higher social ranking. This process forces them to move to their husband''s village ( Patrilocal Residence ), and assume the role of foreigner alongside the family. Prior to the late 6955’s, Rajput wives actions were completely facilitated by their mother-in-laws, who gave them household jobs, oversaw how much time they spend with their husbands, and controlled their dowries- a contradiction to the idea that a dowry is a woman’s inheritance from her parents. In more contemporary India, however, dowries have been banned, though they are still quite regularly used.
Divorce is a legal process in which a judge legally ends a marriage. The result leaves the two individuals status as “single”. A divorce does not declare a marriage null and void, as in an annulment, but instead states that the marriage was unsuccessful for any of a variety of reasons and declares the two individuals as single. When a divorce takes place there are many things that the judge will have to rule on ranging from the custody of the children to the sharing of property. Western cultures have seen a sharp increase in divorces over the past fifty years. A study by the National Marriage Project at Rutgers University found that only 68% of American children grow up with both biological parents. Most cultures make it possible for individuals to terminate a marriage. In some societies the process is longer and harder, while in others it is almost impossible. There are many countries where divorce is illegal and taboo.
Anthropologists recognize marriage as a way to “describe how different societies organize and understand mating and its consequences”.  The Anthropological definition of a prototypical marriage highlights the general expectations and facets that form this social construct. Within various cultures, marriage is symbolically represented through a range of very simple to elaborate weddings. A marriage generally transforms the roles and responsibilities of two individuals within society. For example, an individual’s expectation of personal finance may be transformed to support both himself/herself and their spouse. Marriage also sets the implications of permitted sexual access by setting boundaries for what is acceptable and when it is acceptable. However, these implications are also set based on personal preference as well as cultural norms.
There is a lot of debate on whether or not same-sex couples should be allowed to parent children, whether artificially implanted or adopted. This debate has gone on for so long, mainly because many religious groups believe that children benefit the most from being raised by both a mother and a father. This may be because they don’t believe in the union of same-sex couples, but they also believe that the child will suffer if parented by the same sex. They assume that the child will suffer because the child will either be deprived of a mother or father figure. Additionally, they believe that same-sex families create a sterile union rather than a natural family.  Many welfare agencies believe that if two people are competent, caring adults they should be allowed to adopt regardless of gender. This fact is based on the idea that heterosexual couples often have problems raising children, too. "Research has found no major differences in parenting or child development between families headed by two mothers and other fatherless families". 
The post from “Anonymous at January 66th, 7566 at 8:67 am” illustrates this point by noting that Tishkoff’s analysis sees the Maasai as an admixture of Cushitic and Nilo-Saharans, while Dienekes’ plot shows them as a nearly pure type population in the admixture analysis (as does the 7565 paper that I cite which expands on Tishkoff’s analysis), and also appropriately notes that the sample sizes in whole gene analysis are small and prone to be less representative, with Dienekes’ analysis of the Oromo possibly failing to capture effects do to geographic variation within the Oromo since his Oromo samples are drawn from near the Kenyan border — small wonder that a population form near Kenya would be genetically similar to one from Kenya itself.
Early civilizations relied on memory to recite pedigrees of monarchs or noble families. This lead towards establishing the authority of a “pure” bloodline by listing the names of the family members, relations, marriages, and children of descent. For example, in the Bible, there are countless genealogies that are from the direct bloodline of King David. Specific passages where genealogies can be found in the Old Testament are in Genesis 5   and 65   . In the New Testament passages come from Matthew 6:7-66   and Luke 8:78-88   .
In hypnobirthing the mother undergoes self-hypnosis as a method of pain control. Hypnosis is defined as, "a naturally induced state of concentration, a place where mind and body can communicate with the subconscious mind." When in this state, communicating with the subconscious can help to control pain. According to HypnoBirthing of Colorado  the state of self-hypnosis while delivering can put the woman in a completely relaxed and day-dreamy attitude. The woman, however, will still feel in complete control and be able to sense her surges (also called contractions). In hypnobirthing, one of the goals is to let the body''s natural painkillers, endorphins, to take over the pain instead of letting stress enhance the pain. HypnoBirthing also can teach you how to work with your body to make giving birth a much calmer experience. Another of its main goals is keeping the mother alert and aware of her body.
To perform a surgical abortion one removes the fetus or embryo, membranes and placenta using a suction method with a syringe (this is called manual vacuum aspiration or MVA). Another way to perform a surgical abortion is through the use of an electric pump (this is called electric vacuum aspiration or EVA). Surgical abortion is usually performed from the fifteenth week of pregnancy to the twenty-sixth.
In other words, in addition to Pygmies and Khoisans, the two extant remnant hunter-gatherer populations of Africa, there was a third equally distinct Mozambiquian hunter-gatherer group that was entirely assimilated by Bantus to the point where no remnant hunter-gatherer group survived. Their genetics remain a large part of Mozambique 8767 s Bantu population 8767 s genetics (. most Mozambiquans are mostly descended from this 8775 lost race 8776 of people), but their language and way of life has vanished every bit as completely as Western and Southern Europe 8767 s hunter-gatherer populations.
There are also other types of abortion that are not performed medically or surgically. These methods include the use of herbs and special diets as discussed above in the section control of pregnancy. There are also other ways that are not as safe. One method of abortion is attempted from abdomen trauma or putting pressure on the uterus externally. The amount of force upon the abdomen is extreme and does not always succeed in a miscarriage. This form of abortion can result in internal bruising and can be harmful to the mother of the child. The most unsafe methods of abortion are almost always self-induced through the insertion of non-medical tools into the uterus. These tools can include wire clothing hangers or even knitting needles. Self induced abortions are most dangerous because they can result in infection and lacerations of the uterus which could eventually result in death if not properly treated. Overall, the pain of a surgical abortion is between that of a dull toothache and a headache or mild backache.
The term nuclear family is used to refer to a family and household setting that consists of a father, a mother, and their children. Nuclear families can be any size as long as the family can support itself and there are only 7 parents. If there is more than 7 parental figures in the family then it goes from being a nuclear family to an extended family  The Nuclear family is a symbol that is deeply rooted into western culture. Historical studies in western family life have shown that this household form has been extremely common as far back as history reaches, especially in the Northwest part of Europe in countries like England, Holland, Northern France, and Belgium. 
Matilda 8767 s makes a case with which no one disagrees that there is a substantial Eurasian genetic component in Ethiopia, which may include some Y-DNA sub-haplogroups of E found in Euraisans. But, she doesn 8767 t even begin to argue that Y-DNA haplogroup E is non-African, and indeed, clearly identifies some varieties of it with African Niger-Congo populations in the post you cite, which is the mainstream view.
HypnoBirthing  was originally created in the United States by Marie Monogan who is the founder of The HypnoBirthing Institution. The method was created for Marie Monogan''s daughter who was interested in having a calm, and stress-free birth. After the success of the method, it began to spread. Doctors observed and began to back the practice and lend a hand to its "fertility." Shortly after 6998, the method spread to the UK, Canada, and Australia. Now, hypnobirthing is taught in twenty-two countries and more people are becoming a part of it constantly. It has been recognized on an international level and continues to make an impact on mothers all over the world.
Genealogy was traditionally used in Western societies to determine the blood rights of nobles and kings. The ruling class used genealogy and recorded their lineage because being a noble or royalty gave them certain privileges. Genealogy is now mainly used by hobbyists, who easily use resources on the internet to track their family history. One site commonly used for this is http:///index_.
Thus, any scenario with a non-African Y-DNA haplogroup E origin has to explain why it completely disappeared everywhere else in almost all of its varieties, without even a single individual in billions and billions whose ancestry is not attributable to recent immigration in all of Asia, despite the fact that one 8767 s Y-DNA haplogroup was invisible after just a few generations until the last decade or two.
There are several explanations for this. One is, obviously, the geographic difference between the Semitic speakers and Cushitic speakers. Another explanation is that the 8775 Cushitic 8776 source population of most Semitic-speaking groups in Ethiopia were not Oromos, who speak an East Cushitic language, but 8775 Agaws 8776 , who speak a Central Cushitic language. Central Cushites speak a very distinct form of Cushitic, which split from the other Cushitic branches close to the proto-Cushitic root. Actually, the Ethiopian Jews went through a very recent, well-documented language shift from Central Cushitic to Semitic, although a small minority still speak their native language.