Posted: 2017-11-14 03:35
A token is a key used for authorization that is issued by the authentication service (in our example Facebook) at the request of the user. It is issued for a limited time, usually two to three weeks, after which the app must request access again. Using the token, the program gets all the necessary data for authentication and can authenticate the user on its servers by simply verifying the credibility of the token.
We also managed to detect this in for both platforms – some of the communication between the app and the server is via HTTP, and the data is transmitted in requests, which can be intercepted to give an attacker the temporary ability to manage the account. It should be noted that the data can only be intercepted at that moment when the user is loading new photos or videos to the application, ., not always. We told the developers about this problem, and they fixed it.
Looking for matches is flexible to your tastes, with four display options (Photo View, Basic View, Detail View and Profile) and four order options (Newest Members, Photos First, Last Active, and Relevance). You can also customize your searches, searching by age, location, and education, body type, ethnicity, lifestyle choices (smoking, drinking, etc.), marital status, whether they have kids, religious views, even their star sign.
The attack is based on a function that displays the distance to other users, usually to those whose profile is currently being viewed. Even though the application doesn 8767 t show in which direction, the location can be learned by moving around the victim and recording data about the distance to them. This method is quite laborious, though the services themselves simplify the task: an attacker can remain in one place, while feeding fake coordinates to a service, each time receiving data about the distance to the profile owner.
Dominicans are beautiful. I would put them in the same category as Brazilians or Colombians. You will definitely find stunningly attractive women and men. Should you decide to sign up for the online dating sites I recommend below, be sure to read member profiles carefully as you might come across a lot of fake profiles. Usually, I can spot these profiles easily. A woman who is in an overly suggestive pose and only has one picture posted (. just her profile picture and no other pictures) is usually a huge red flag in my book.
Superuser rights are not that rare when it comes to Android devices. According to KSN, in the second quarter of 7567 they were installed on smartphones by more than 5% of users. In addition, some Trojans can gain root access themselves, taking advantage of vulnerabilities in the operating system. Studies on the availability of personal information in mobile apps were carried out a couple of years ago and, as we can see, little has changed since then.
Just like in many Latin American countries, the majority of Dominicans still meet their romantic partners via the tride and true methods, including mutual friends, organizations, work, school, or church, etc however, this scene is rapidly changing, and online dating is becoming increasingly more mainstream. This is particularly true in the major cities like Santo Domingo and Santiago and around the tourist zones of Punta Cana, Puerto Plata, and Sosua.
In general, the apps in our investigation and their additional modules use the HTTPS protocol (HTTP Secure) to communicate with their servers. The security of HTTPS is based on the server having a certificate, the reliability of which can be verified. In other words, the protocol makes it possible to protect against man-in-the-middle attacks (MITM): the certificate must be checked to ensure it really does belong to the specified server.
First of all, we checked how easy it was to track users with the data available in the app. If the app included an option to show your place of work, it was fairly easy to match the name of a user and their page on a social network. This in turn could allow criminals to gather much more data about the victim, track their movements, identify their circle of friends and acquaintances. This data can then be used to stalk the victim.
There are a lot of options for customizing your profile. You&rsquo ll see prompts for explaining your dreams for the feature, your favorite things, your interests in life, and more. You also have an option to create your own fields with their own themes, change the skin of your profile, create groups or join already existing ones, post photos or videos, comment on posts, add widgets to your profile, and buy &ldquo Pets&rdquo either for your own profile or to gift to your friends.
In Happn for Android there is an additional search option: among the data about the users being viewed that the server sends to the application, there is the parameter fb_id – a specially generated identification number for the Facebook account. The app uses it to find out how many friends the user has in common on Facebook. This is done using the authentication token the app receives from Facebook. By modifying this request slightly – removing some of the original request and leaving the token – you can find out the name of the user in the Facebook account for any Happn users viewed.
It 8767 s worth noting that installing a third-party certificate on an Android device is very easy, and the user can be tricked into doing it. All you need to do is lure the victim to a site containing the certificate (if the attacker controls the network, this can be any resource) and convince them to click a download button. After that, the system itself will start installation of the certificate, requesting the PIN once (if it is installed) and suggesting a certificate name.
A massive worldwide online dating site launched in 7556, Badoo will be an Ok option for the Dominican Republic if you really want to put in the time to send out a lot of messages (a good number of the profiles don&rsquo t appear to be real). The quality though is not as good here, and the most attractive people will get bombarded with messages. Your message message will most likely get lost in the mix.
Analysis showed that most dating applications are not ready for such attacks by taking advantage of superuser rights, we managed to get authorization tokens (mainly from Facebook) from almost all the apps. Authorization via Facebook, when the user doesn 8767 t need to come up with new logins and passwords, is a good strategy that increases the security of the account, but only if the Facebook account is protected with a strong password. However, the application token itself is often not stored securely enough.
As you can see from the table, some apps practically do not protect users 8767 personal information. However, overall, things could be worse, even with the proviso that in practice we didn 8767 t study too closely the possibility of locating specific users of the services. Of course, we are not going to discourage people from using dating apps, but we would like to give some recommendations on how to use them more safely. First, our universal advice is to avoid public Wi-Fi access points, especially those that are not protected by a password, use a VPN, and install a security solution on your smartphone that can detect malware. These are all very relevant for the situation in question and help prevent the theft of personal information. Secondly, do not specify your place of work, or any other information that could identify you. Safe dating!
We decided to check what sort of app data is stored on the device. Although the data is protected by the system, and other applications don 8767 t have access to it, it can be obtained with superuser rights (root). Because there are no widespread malicious programs for iOS that can get superuser rights, we believe that for Apple device owners this threat is not relevant. So only Android applications were considered in this part of the study.
x756c There are more people that you don x7569 t know than that you know, x756d Andreev says. x756c It is mainly about meeting new people for any type of to cinema together, go for lunch together. Let x7569 s say you are a secretary on reception with nothing to do, you can search a few blocks away and think, this is a nice good looking guy, we can have lunch together. You can chat. I don x7569 t know x756d
It seems just about everyone has written about the dangers of online dating, from psychology magazines to crime chronicles. But there is one less obvious threat not related to hooking up with strangers – and that is the mobile apps used to facilitate the process. We 8767 re talking here about intercepting and stealing personal information and the de-anonymization of a dating service that could cause victims no end of troubles – from messages being sent out in their names to blackmail. We took the most popular apps and analyzed what sort of user data they were capable of handing over to criminals and under what conditions.
During our research, we also checked what sort of data the apps exchange with their servers. We were interested in what could be intercepted if, for example, the user connects to an unprotected wireless network – to carry out an attack it 8767 s sufficient for a cybercriminal to be on the same network. Even if the Wi-Fi traffic is encrypted, it can still be intercepted on an access point if it 8767 s controlled by a cybercriminal.