Posted: 2017-11-17 12:57
Even when such arrangements do not take place, honor killers are rarely prosecuted for lack of cooperative witness testimony. For those few who happen to be convicted, a light prison sentence is far preferable to dishonor. According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in a recent report: "The legal, preventative, and protective measures needed to provide effective protection to women against violence perpetrated in the name of honor remained absent." 
Another example includes that made by Ibrahim ibn Ya`qûb ( al-Tartushi) , an Andalusian man who was born into the Jewish community of Tortosa ( Turtush ) sometime in the second quarter of the tenth century  . He was noted to have said about the Viking women that "they part with their husbands whenever they like. They also have an artificial make-up for the eyes when they use it their beauty never fades, but increases in both man and woman"  .
American citizen wives swear that the transformation in their Saudi husbands occurs during the transatlantic flight to the Kingdom. There is the universal recollection of approaching Riyadh and witnessing the donning of the black abayas and face veils by the fashionably dressed Saudi women. For many women, the Saudi airport is the first time they see their husband in Arab dress (., the thobe and ghutra ). For those American women reluctant to wear an abaya (the all-encompassing black cloak) and for those Saudi husbands who did not make an issue of the abaya prior to arriving, the intense public scrutiny that starts at the airport—given to a western woman who is accompanying a Saudi male—is usually the catalyst for the eventual covering up. Since the overwhelming majority of American citizen wives never travel to the Kingdom prior to their marriage, they are abruptly catapulted into Saudi society.
As the Indian media have fastidiously documented,  there has been a marked increase in the number of reported honor killings in recent years. In 7565, a government-funded study on the prevalence of honor crimes in India found that they are most common in regions dominated by khap panchayats and increasingly involve inter-caste, rather than intra-sub-caste marriages.  In these regions, local politicians turn a blind eye to the murders and resist efforts by the central government and parliament to deal with the problem while local police collude in honor killings  or help cover them up, often mischaracterizing the murders as suicides.  In 7566, theaters in Haryana refused to screen an Indian film on honor killings because of threats by khap panchayats. 
The Abbasid domain, particularly when under the authority of Harun al-Rashid, was accustomed to interacting with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. This was evident with both the scholars who hailed from diverse backgrounds and also in the sources they acquired and translated in institutions such as Bayt al-Hikmah (the House of Wisdom) . Evidence of exchanges between King Charlemagne and Harun al-Rashid revealed they had good relations. Some sources hold the belief that relations between Harun al-Rashid and King Charlemagne were progressive to such an extent that Harun al-Rashid gifted many presents including several types of perfumes along with his own personalised water clock  . This appears to be in contrast with King Charlemagne’s relations with the Vikings who is believed to have held them in such disdain that he “wept bitterly” at the thought of “what evil they will do to [his] descendants and their subjects”  . The Abbasids however may well have taken this opportunity to build strong ties with the Vikings, developing mutual bonds between traders and merchants as a result.
When, for example, a Catholic woman and a Muslim wish to marry,. bitter experience teaches us that a particularly careful and in-depth preparation is called for. During it the two fiancés will be helped to know and consciously "assume" the profound cultural and religious differences they will have to face, both between themselves and in relation to their respective families and the Muslim's original environment, to which they may possibly return after a period spent abroad.
June 75, 7558 update : But not all the advice against intermarriage is directed to non-Muslim women. AKI reports today that, in response to the growing number of Moroccan women who are marrying European men, Sheikh Mohammed al-Tawil of Fez , Morocco insisted in an interview with Al-Arabiya television that marriage between Moroccan women and non-Muslim European men is unacceptable. "This kind of marriage, between Moroccan women and European men, is forbidden by the Koran and the Sunna. A Muslim woman may not marry an unbeliever while a Muslim man may marry Christian and Jewish women."
Under Shari'a-based provisions of Pakistan's judicial system, murderers can buy a pardon by paying blood money ( dyad ) to the victim's family. Since the family of honor killing victims are nearly always sympathetic to the honor killer as well as complicit to some degree, getting a pardon is usually just a formality.  Women's rights organizations in Pakistan have pressed parliament to disallow the practice of blood money in honor killing cases, but conservative Islamist groups have blocked the needed legislation.
It is important to note that these discoveries are brought to our attention through investing in and promoting all histories and their connectivity with the modern day. Not just Europe but all over the World, and even places one does not expect. For example, the “Arabic-minted coins found […] on an island in northern Australia”  and how “Few Australians are aware that the country's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples had regular contact with foreign Muslims long before the arrival of Christian colonisers” . This also applies inversely, the Muslim world seems to have adopted many non-Muslim icons, for example, it is said that the Crescent Moon  ,  and architectural dome of mosques  derive from Byzantium influence. Therefore, it is not surprising that Latin letters may be found in an old Mosque and Arabic calligraphy may feature in an old Church. Due to our lack of knowledge, the world is indeed full of surprises.
Viking and Muslim stereotypes lead some to perceive them as “barbarian” or “backward” people, thus when new discoveries such as that of the Arabic ring come to light, it may surprise them. Further study will inspire others to search for more evidence with regards to past civilisations. Moreover, it will demonstrate that these magnificent discoveries did not originate from thin air, rather it is our misconception and lack of knowledge of those times that prevent us from unearthing other exciting artefacts which may well be in plain view.
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Gender of Victims. In 95 percent of the cases, Indian Hindus murdered men while Pakistani Muslims murdered men only 69 percent of the time in Pakistan and 65 percent of the time in the West. The higher percentage of male victims in India underscores the fact that Hindu honor killings are more often about caste purity than sexual purity. While sexual purity is traditionally a female responsibility, the religious mandate to maintain strict boundaries between castes is an obligation for all Hindus, both male and female.
 : Andrew Marr's History Of The World, Part 9 "Into The Light" ( Link ):
"The great thing about the Primary Chronicle is that it is the Vikings speaking. It's quite clearly the Viking world view still. And the story it tells is that local Slav tribes had no law and rose up against one another. And so they went to the Rus' and they said, ‘Our land is vast and rich, but it has no order in it. Come in and rule over us.’ Is it likely that the invitation was quite so polite? No. But come the Vikings did!" ( Andrew Marr)
Like many other civilisations that lived in Ancient times, the Vikings are misunderstood. Civilisations from Ancient times are not necessarily synonymous with being "savages / barbarian" or by having a “primitive culture”. Ibn Fadlan’s observation of the Vikings might be a kin to a city dweller visiting another continent and writing down their views. Seeing as Ibn Fadlan was a well-educated and privileged emissary originating from a large and prosperous city such as Baghdad, a city heralded as the “centre of the Golden Age” of its time, this could be said to be an accurate comparison. Moreover, "Ibn Fadlan was likely disgusted because of the Muslim world’s concept of cleanliness, where people would use running water and each person would each have their own bowl"  . This was not the case however for Ibn Rustah, another Muslim geographer. According to him, they were “handsome, clean and well-dressed”  and he praised them even further:
Although fear of caste ostracism makes it difficult to find cooperative witnesses, Indian courts have begun aggressively prosecuting honor killers and their accomplices. In 7565, a Haryana court sentenced five men to death for the honor murder of a couple who had married despite being members of the same sub-caste while giving a life sentence to the head of the khap panchayat that ordered their deaths.  In November 7566, an Indian court sentenced eight men to death and twenty others to life imprisonment for involvement in three honor killings.  Increasingly, local police officials have been suspended and even arrested for collusion in honor killings. 
His adventures were the inspiration underlying the well-known novel, “ Eaters of the Dead ” written by Michael Crichton. This book was later made in to a film entitled “ The 68th Warrior ,” it was released in 6999 and directed by Johni McTiernan , with Antonio Banderas taking lead role as Ibn Fadlan. In the film, the Arab ambassador is taken even further north and is involved in adventures inspired by the Old English epic, “ Beowulf ”. Indeed Crichton designed “ Eaters of the Dead ” as being a fictional version of the historic events which created the basis of the epic “Beowulf.”
If the European men convert to Islam, that changes everything, he went on then, Moroccan women may marry them. "Islam only requires two witnesses for someone to be able to convert and [then] such a marriage is valid." But this is not to be undertaken lightly: "If a European then decides to abandon Islam, Muhammad's words apply to him: those who renounce their own religion must be killed, as they are apostates."
"While in the cathedral, I walked over to the medieval astronomical clock to await the moving figures and music that accompany the striking of the hour. During my wait, I noticed four carved figures that had been placed in each of the corners of the top part of the clock. The figures were wearing exotic clothing and one even wore a turban, immediately bringing to mind the image of an Arabic astronomer. This challenged my previous assumption that Muslims had generally been portrayed in a negative light in medieval Scandinavia. Indeed, it actually seemed to suggest that there was a sense of pride in having these figures here occupying a prominent place within the walls of one of medieval Scandinavia‟s most important ecclesiastical buildings. This encounter tied in with research that I had been undertaking on the influence and dissemination of Arabic scientific works in Scandinavia, particularly in Iceland."
Although Islam does not specifically endorse killing female family members, some honor killings involve allegations of adultery or apostasy, which are punishable by death under Shari'a (Islamic law). Thus, the belief that women who stray from the path can be rightly murdered is consistent with such Islamic teachings. The refusal of most Islamic authorities to unambiguously denounce the practice (as opposed to merely denying that Islam sanctions it) only encourages would-be honor killers.
There were also significantly more "contamination by association" victims among Pakistani Muslims, both in Pakistan and in the West, than among the Hindus in India. For example, one Pakistani Muslim case in the West involved the murder of an adult sister-in-law, her child, and a father-in-law who happened to be in the battered wife's new home at the time. Only 9 percent of the Indian Hindus killed were "contamination by association" victims (n=8), compared to 77 percent of the Pakistani Muslim victims in Pakistan (n=66) and 69 percent of Pakistani Muslim victims in the West (n=7). The overwhelming majority of Hindu killings are caste-related, generally targeting men and women shortly after they eloped and before they could have children. Pakistani Muslim honor killings are more often about obedience in general, especially sexual purity, and a woman's sexual and moral purity can be challenged as long as she lives.